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Gazetteer of ROMAN  Yorkshire
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A tessellated pavement was discovered here in 1808. The name apparently derives from a local tradition that a large church stood here which sank into the ground. This was indeed a large villa, so the association may not be a total surprise.

The earliest occupation on the site is indicated by a number of native style circular timber and turf built huts. They may date to the very late Iron Age or early Roman period. One of these huts actually survived throughout the Roman occupation but may not have been used as dwelling. In the second half of the second century AD, a house with a front corridor and a central entrance between slightly projecting wings was developed. It had mosaic floors, underfloor heating and a detached bathhouse as well as an internal bath suite. Two new house buildings were added at a later date together with a single-roomed squarish building at one time linked to one of the new houses by a covered walk way.

Aerial photographs show that the Roman villa at Gargrave was surrounded by an extensive ditched field system covering an area of 40 hectares (100 acres). It is likely that further land for grazing would have been held on the unenclosed moorland nearby. Pig bones indicate that there was also woodland nearby for them to forage in. The site has been extensively excavated since the 18th century but is as yet not fully published.

The main houses seem to have been abandoned in the fourth century and most of their stone walls and roof tiles robbed for use elsewhere. Objects from the excavation are on display at the Craven Museum, Skipton

Gargrave Villa Pastscape Page Gargrave
Kirk Sink Villa
N. Yorkshire, SD 939 535
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